Puppet Apply Provisioner

Provisioner name: puppet

The Puppet provisioner allows you to provision the guest using Puppet, specifically by calling puppet apply, without a Puppet Master.

Warning: If you're not familiar with Puppet and Vagrant already, I recommend starting with the shell provisioner. However, if you're comfortable with Vagrant already, Vagrant is the best way to learn Puppet.

Options

This section lists the complete set of available options for the Puppet provisioner. More detailed examples of how to use the provisioner are available below this section.

  • facter (hash) - A hash of data to set as available facter variables within the Puppet run.

  • hiera_config_path (string) - Path to the Hiera configuration on the host. Read the section below on how to use Hiera with Vagrant.

  • manifest_file (string) - The name of the manifest file that will serve as the entrypoint for the Puppet run. This manifest file is expected to exist in the configured manifests_path (see below). This defaults to "init.pp"

  • manifests_path (string) - The path to the directory which contains the manifest files. This defaults to "manifests"

  • module_path (string) - Path, on the host, to the directory which contains Puppet modules, if any.

  • options (array of strings) - Additionally options to pass to the Puppet executable when running Puppet.

  • synced_folder_type (string) - The type of synced folders to use when sharing the data required for the provisioner to work properly. By default this will use the default synced folder type. For example, you can set this to "nfs" to use NFS synced folders.

  • temp_dir (string) - The directory where all the data associated with the Puppet run (manifest files, modules, etc.) will be stored on the guest machine.

  • working_directory (string) - Path in the guest that will be the working directory when Puppet is executed. This is usually only set because relative paths are used in the Hiera configuration.

Bare Minimum

The quickest way to get started with the Puppet provisioner is to just enable it:

Vagrant.configure("2") do |config|
  config.vm.provision "puppet"
end

By default, Vagrant will configure Puppet to look for manifests in the "manifests" folder relative to the project root, and will use the "default.pp" manifest as an entry-point. This means, if your directory tree looks like the one below, you can get started with Puppet with just that one line in your Vagrantfile.

$ tree
.
|-- Vagrantfile
|-- manifests
|   |-- default.pp

Custom Manifest Settings

Of course, you're able to put and name your manifests whatever you'd like. You can override both the directory where Puppet looks for manifests with manifests_path, and the manifest file used as the entry-point with manifest_file:

Vagrant.configure("2") do |config|
  config.vm.provision "puppet" do |puppet|
    puppet.manifests_path = "my_manifests"
    puppet.manifest_file = "default.pp"
  end
end

The path can be relative or absolute. If it is relative, it is relative to the project root.

You can also specify a manifests path that is on the remote machine already, perhaps put in place by a shell provisioner. In this case, Vagrant won't attempt to upload the manifests directory. To specify a remote manifests path, use the following syntax:

Vagrant.configure("2") do |config|
  config.vm.provision "puppet" do |puppet|
    puppet.manifests_path = ["vm", "/path/to/manifests"]
    puppet.manifest_file = "default.pp"
  end
end

It is a somewhat odd syntax, but the tuple (two-element array) says that the path is located in the "vm" at "/path/to/manifests".

Modules

Vagrant also supports provisioning with Puppet modules. This is done by specifying a path to a modules folder where modules are located. The manifest file is still used as an entry-point.

Vagrant.configure("2") do |config|
  config.vm.provision "puppet" do |puppet|
    puppet.module_path = "modules"
  end
end

Just like the manifests path, the modules path is relative to the project root if a relative path is given.

Custom Facts

Custom facts to be exposed by Facter can be specified as well:

Vagrant.configure("2") do |config|
  config.vm.provision "puppet" do |puppet|
    puppet.facter = {
      "vagrant" => "1"
    }
  end
end

Now, the $vagrant variable in your Puppet manifests will equal "1".

Configuring Hiera

Hiera configuration is also supported. hiera_config_path specifies the path to the Hiera configuration file stored on the host. If the :datadir setting in the Hiera configuration file is a relative path, working_directory should be used to specify the directory in the guest that path is relative to.

Vagrant.configure("2") do |config|
  config.vm.provision "puppet" do |puppet|
    puppet.hiera_config_path = "hiera.yaml"
    puppet.working_directory = "/tmp/vagrant-puppet"
  end
end

hiera_config_path can be relative or absolute. If it is relative, it is relative to the project root. working_directory is an absolute path within the guest.

Additional Options

Puppet supports a lot of command-line flags. Basically any setting can be overriden on the command line. To give you the most power and flexibility possible with Puppet, Vagrant allows you to specify custom command line flags to use:

Vagrant.configure("2") do |config|
  config.vm.provision "puppet" do |puppet|
    puppet.options = "--verbose --debug"
  end
end